UKUBEKA ENDAWENI I-HORMONI KWEZOKULAPHA

IYINI I-HRT?

Ukwelashwa kwezinhlayiyana (Hormone) okungemithi esetshenziselwa ukufaka esikhundleni sezinhlayiyana(hormone) abesifazane (i-estrogen ne-progesterone) aphelelwa emzimbeni futhi awasakhiqizwa ngumzimba kwabesifazane ngemuva kokunqamuka kwenkathi yokuya  esikhathini.

I-HRT ngokuvamile kufanele iqalwe eminyakeni emibili  kuya kwemithathu kwabesifazane ngemuva kokunqamuka kwenkathi yokuya esikhathini kwabesifazane

I-HRT ingaba ukhilimu noma ama-gel,izindandatho zesitho zangasese sowesifazane,izibhebhe(tablets) kanye nama-patches abekwa phezu kesikhumba somzimba.

IZIMPAWU ZE-HRT

  • Ukwelashwa ukunqamuka kwenkathi yokuya esikhathini.

  • Ukuvimbela Isifo sokuchachamba kwamathambo kwabesifazane abesekhulile  (iminyaka engama>55) nokuncipha   kwamathambo kwabesifazane  abanqamuka esikhathini ngaphambi kwesikhathi(<40 ngaphansi  ngeminyaka)

  • Izimpawu ezikhombisa i-urogenital atrophy.

UKUPHIKISANA

  • Umlando we-thromboembolism

  • Thrombophilia

  • Umlando wesifo senhliziyo esingumahlalakhona noma kohlangothi

  • Okwamanje  noma umlando webele,i-endometrial noma ezinye izinhlobo zomdlavuza  oxhomekeke ku-estrogen

  • Isifo sesibindi

  • Ukopha okungalandelangwa okungapheli kokuchama kwegazi

  • Umfutho wegazi ophezulu ongalashwa

  • I-Porphyria

  • I-migraine enzima

INKINGA

  • Isifo senhliziyo

  • Ukufa kohlangothi

  • Ama-clots egazi

  • Umdlavuzi webele

IMIPHUMELA EBONAKALAYO YE -HRT

  • Ububele besifuba

  • Ukuphuma kwegazi

  • Ukuqhakaza

  • Isicanucanu

IZINGUQUKO ZOKUSHINTSA INDLELA YOKUPHILA UMA UKU-HRT

  • Umuzwa wokubhema

  • Indlela yokuphila enempilo okufanele ibandakanye nokudla okunempilo,ukulawula ukucindezelwa nezimo ezingamahlalakhona ungaba nazo njenge-cholesterol

  • Nciphisa ukuphuza utshwala

  • Ukuqoka izingubo ezigexayo