ISIFO SENHLIZIYO

Isifo senhliziyongokuvamile sibhekisela esimweni esihilela inhliziyo nemithambo yegazi jengokulandelayo: umfutho wegazi ophezulu,Isifo se-artery coronary, icardiomyopathy, ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo,iangina,ivaluvi yenhliziyo,iarrhythmia,iarteriosclerosis,kanye nezinye futhi.

  • Umfutho wegazi ophezulu:Amandla noma ukungcindezeka kwegazi  ondongeni yemithamu yegazi,okuthiwa futhi ama arteries.

  • Isifo secoronary artery: Isiqa sewaxy esibizwa ngokuthi plaque yakha ngaphakathi kwemithambo yecoronary(imishanguzo ehambisa ioksijeni yegazi emzimbeni)owaziwa ngokuthi iatherosclerosis.

  • Ichadiomyopathy :Isifo esingalapheki sezinhlanzi zenhliziyo(imyocadium) lapho imisipha ikhuliswa ngendlela engavamile ,igxilile noma inzima.Umfutho wenhliziyo obebuthakathaka ulahlekelwa ukupompa igazi ngokuphumelelayo okwenza kube nokungashayi okuxamile kwenhliziyo futhi kungenzeka  ngisho ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo.

  • Ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo:Isimo lapho inhliziyo ingapompi igazi emzimbeni ngokufanele ,okusho ukuthi igazi alokwazi ukunikela ioksijini kanye ngokudla okwanele emzimbeni ngokusebenza okufaneleyo futhi kungahle kubangele:

         - ukuzizwa ukhathala noma udangele

         - ukungakwazi ukuqeda imikhiqizo yokudoba ngendlela efanele>okungakuholela ekwakheni ukutshezi emaphashini kanye nezinye                       izingxenye zomzimba ezifana nemilenze nesisu.

         - ukuhluleka  kwenhliziyo ngoba une(noma waba) nesimo sezokwelapha esithinta inhliziyo.

  • I-angina pectoris:Ubuhlungu besifuba noma ngokunganaki (ukucindezeleka) lapho imisipha yenhliziyo  ayitholi igazi elilingene njengoba kudingeka ngoba umthambo owodwa noma ngaphezulu  wenhliziyo isincane/inciphile noma ivimbekile.Futhi ibizwa ngokuthi I -ischemia.

  • Atherosclerosis:Ukwakhekha kwesiqi samafutha  ngaphakathi kwemithambo yegazi.iatherosclerosis ivame ukubizwa ngokuthi iarteriosclerosis ngegama elivamile okuwukuqina kobuchopho noma (ukulahlekelwa ukuqina).

            ***Ukuhlaselwa kwenhliziyo kwenzeka lapho igazilidala ihluli emthini ebangela ukuvinjelwa okuphelele,leyo ngxenyeyesisu senhliziyo                    kunqatshelwe ukunikezwa kwegazi kuqala ukufa .

  • Isifo sevaluva yenhliziyo:Kuthintha indlela amavaluva asebenza ngayo ukulawula ukugeleza kwegazi ekungeneni nekuphumeni enhliziyweni

  • Iarrhythmia (eyaziwa nangokuthi  idysrhythmia) noma yisiphi isiqgi esingajwayelekile/esivamile senhliziyo, kungaba kancane, ngokushesha kakhulu.Iarrhythmias ephansi(izinsimbi ezingaphansi kwezingu 60 ngomzuzu)kuthiwa yibradycardia.

IZIMPAWU ZOKUHLASELWA KWESIFO SENHLIZIYO   

  • Ukucinana kwesifubeni: ubuhlungu obunzima noma ubunzima phakathi, kwesifuba   obusabalela esandleni sobunxele, emqaleni,emhlane esiswini noma emihlathini.

  • Ukuphelelwa umoya

  • Ukujuluka okundlulele

  • Isiyaluyalu noma ukuzwa sengathi  ungahlanza

  • Ukushaya kwenhliziyo okungajwayelekile

  • Ukuvuvukala kwezinyawo

  • Izibonakaliso kanye nezimpawu zokwehlisa noma ukungabekezelelani nokuzivocavoca .

  • Izimpawu  zivame ukulethwa ukukhwishiza zenze ngcono  ukuphumula.

  • Ubuhlungu esiswini ngasese, ehlombe noma emhlane.

  • Ukucinana esifubeni okungazinzile olunye uphawu olwenzeka uma uphumulile,livuse isiguli silele bese siphuze ukulala futhi.

  • Ukukhathala okukhulu nobuthakathaka noma

  • Ushintsho ekwenzeni inhlelo zemisebenzi yangemihlanjengokuhamba,ukugibela izinyathelo(steps),noma ukusebenza imisebenzi yasekhaya.

UKUPHELELISWA KWESIFO SENHLIZIYO

  • Ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo

  • Isifo senhliziyo

  • Isifo sokufa kohlangothi

  • I aneurysm

  • Isifo se-artery yomzila

  • Ukufa kwenhliziyo  kungalindelekanga.

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